The problem of personal adaptation to new living conditions is highly relevant. It is known from the experience of the past years that students encounter some issues when they enter our educational institution. This is due to the lack of psychological readiness for the new learning environment and the abandonment of the years of developed attitudes, skills, habits, values, and orientations of secondary school students. The first years of schooling require diligence, general training, and significant changes in quality.
Psychological adaptation is regarded as one of the top ways and necessary conditions for the individual’s socialization. This is the process of attaching individual and personal qualities to people’s life and activity in the changed conditions of existence. Namely, adaptation is an adaptation of the body to the new environmental conditions, which ensures its survival and maintenance of everyday life activity, determined by psychological, social, and biological factors.
Adaptation is not only a prerequisite for active work but also a necessary condition for its effectiveness.
Adaptation of the first-year student consists of the ability to meet the requirements and standards of the educational institution, as well as the ability to develop in a new environment for themselves, to realize their skills and needs without entering into a conflict with this environment. That is why it is logical that maladaptation appears in many students; in some, it is short, and in some, it can last for a long time. Of course, your tutors or mentors will give you advice, but they probably won’t talk about writing services like Essayassistant so you can manage your workload. This is not a necessary skill for the student as academic writing, but this is a skill from real life.
Disadaptation manifests itself in an inadequate understanding of the situation, in the way of action that increases the intolerance and threat of the situation. Signs of so-called disadaptation are a state of tension and frustration (feeling of not being able to solve difficulties or problems), reduction of students’ activity in learning, loss of interest in community work, deterioration of behavior, failure at the first session, and in some cases loss of confidence in their abilities, disappointment in life plans.
Among the emotions characteristic of the adaptation period, we note inner tension, insecurity in one’s forces, and emotional violence of incidents. Difficulties with solitude increase anxiety, and disturbed sleep are experienced. Self-evaluation of own self-esteem is observed. The first-year student may be in a stressful or critical state. Such a state can be called the norm, but if it is short-term and uninterrupted. All this leads to psychological overexertion, which in its own right reduces the adaptive capacity and, as a result, contributes to a violation of the mental health of the person.
The first year of training is critical because the student undergoes a lot of emotional, specific, and cognitive changes – often, the number of these changes exceeds that which occurs during the entire training period at the college. The most general understanding of psychological adaptation to new disadvantageous conditions involves the formation of psychological mechanisms. The person guarantees their safety and good orientation in the unique situation. With successful adaptation, the individual gains the ability to maximize successful self-fulfillment without exerting too much effort.
The influence of the level of motivation for learning and the reverse phase, in particular, remains a significant factor. Among the factors that determine the optimal impact on the process of students’ adaptation as the main one, one can define the attitude toward learning and the reversed specialty. Therefore, correctly turned professionals are conditions for the successful transformation of first-year students. Please, take a look at your schedule. Consider to pay for dissertation or any other kind of assignment (hacks from under-graduates) to free some space for yourself. Communicate with your peers. This is the gateway to the transition from the skills of school education to the culture of student work.
The cause of difficulties for the student can also be the new conditions of life, the primary socialization of the college. Along with becoming a student, young people encounter such problems as a new educational system, interactions with classmates and teachers, social and living conditions, and living independently in a new environment. The program’s primary goal is to understand better the school’s structures and operating principles and the opportunity for self-fulfillment in creativity, science, community life, and sports. Besides this, there are contradictions and difficulties in forming self-esteem, self-consciousness, and creating the “I” image.
In the process of adaptation of first-year students, the group is created not only a system of mutual relations but also micro-groups, which, in turn, develop trends in the development of the entire group. Thus, each group member establishes rules and norms of conduct in the formation of the characteristics of the particular group. All members of the new student group have the opportunity to prove themselves and gain the authority and respect of their classmates. There are many different criteria for personality manifestation, such as behavior, performance, communication style, and creative and professional skills.
Adaptation is collective. It is a continuous process, which does not stop for a day, and this process is done with fluctuations. Even for one day, there are changes in the most diverse spheres.